Авторы: 159 А Б В Г Д Е З И Й К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я

Книги:  184 А Б В Г Д Е З И Й К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я

A RATE AND A TAX UPON SITE VALUES

The Committee of 1913 were obliged to turn their attention to other suggestions. They proposed:

(a) That all future increases in the expenditure of each Local Authority which had to be met out of rates

should be met by a rate upon site values instead of upon the existing assessments; and

(b) That existing expenditure should be met to a small extent compulsorily, and to a larger extent at the option

of the Local Authority, in the same manner.

There is no reason why these proposals should not be brought into force simultaneously with that relating to

new buildings and improvements. They made these proposals conditional upon a substantial increase in the

grants in aid to Local Authorities, especially in necessitous areas, from the Imperial Exchequer; and they

suggested, although they did not definitely recommend, that a part at least of this increased grant might be raised by means of an additional tax upon site values. This, I think, should certainly be done, and such a tax

might be wholly or partially substituted for the present Land Tax and Income−Tax Schedule A, which are

assessed on the wrong basis.

These proposals would, of course, involve the revival and revision of the National Land Valuation established

by the Finance Act, 1909−10, which should be made the basis of all taxation and rating relating to real

property. This would be both a reform and an economy, because there are at present several overlapping

systems of valuation by Central and Local Authorities, none of which are really satisfactory even on the

present unsatisfactory basis of assessment. The existence of such a valuation frequently revised and kept up to

date, and independent of local influences, would be invaluable not only for purposes of rating and taxation,

but also in arriving at a fair price for the acquisition of land for public purposes, and for the levying of special

charges upon the increased value due to particular public improvements, such as railway extensions, with

which I have already dealt.

I am not one of those who claim for these reforms that they would cure all the evils from which the

community is at present suffering, but I do believe that there is no other and no better way of removing the

unfairness and the restrictions of our present methods of rating and taxation or of setting free and stimulating

the energies of our people in the development of the resources of our country.