Авторы: 159 А Б В Г Д Е З И Й К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я

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1 List the stereotyped character traits of your country, your region, your

group (gender, class, race, education level, etc.). Next list user-oriented

ideals for the translator — the personal characteristics that would make

a translator "good" or "reliable" in the eyes of a non-translating employer

or client. Now compare the lists, paying special attention to the

mismatches — the character traits that would make people like you

"unqualified" for the translation field — and discuss the transformations

that would be required in either the people who want to be translators

or in society's thinking about translation to make you a good translator.

2 Dramatize a scene in the conference room of a large international

corporation that needs a text translated into the executives' native

language by a certain date. What are the parameters of the discussion?

What are the main issues? What are the pressures and the worries? Try

to perceive translation as much as possible from this "external" point of


3 Work in small groups to list as many different types of translation user

(including the same user in different use situations) as you can. Then

identify the type of text reliability that each would be likely to favor —

what each would want a "good" translation to do, or be like.

4 Break up into groups of three, in each group a source-language user, a

target-language user, and a translator. Take a translation use-situation

from this chapter and try to negotiate (a) who is going to commission

and pay for the translation, the source or target user or both (who stands

to benefit most from it? which user has economic power over the other?)

and (b) how much money is available to pay the translator (will the

translator, who is a professional, do it for that money?).

Suggestions for further reading

Anderman, Rogers, and del Valle (2003), Bowker (2002), Gutt (1992), Hewson and Martin

(1991), Holz-Manttari (1984), Jones (1997), Mikkelson (2000b), Phelan (2001), Pym

(1992a, 1993, 1995), Sofer (2000), Trujillo (1999)